메인 컨텐츠로 가기

Excel에서 변경된 셀의 이전 셀 값을 기억하거나 저장하는 방법은 무엇입니까?

일반적으로 새 내용으로 셀을 업데이트할 때 Excel에서 작업을 취소하지 않는 한 이전 값이 적용됩니다. 그러나 업데이트된 값과 비교하기 위해 이전 값을 유지하려면 이전 셀 값을 다른 셀이나 셀 주석에 저장하는 것이 좋습니다. 이 기사의 방법은 이를 달성하는 데 도움이 될 것입니다.

Excel에서 VBA 코드로 이전 셀 값 저장


Excel에서 VBA 코드로 이전 셀 값 저장

아래 스크린 샷과 같은 테이블이 있다고 가정합니다. C 열의 셀이 변경된 경우 이전 값을 G 열의 해당 셀에 저장하거나 자동으로 주석에 저장하려고합니다. 그것을 달성하기 위해 다음과 같이하십시오.

1. 업데이트 할 때 저장할 값이있는 워크 시트에서 시트 탭을 마우스 오른쪽 버튼으로 클릭하고 코드보기 오른쪽 클릭 메뉴에서. 스크린 샷보기 :

2. 오프닝에서 응용 프로그램 용 Microsoft Visual Basic 창에서 아래 VBA 코드를 코드 창에 복사하십시오.

다음 VBA 코드는 지정된 열의 이전 셀 값을 다른 열에 저장하는 데 도움이됩니다.

VBA 코드 : 이전 셀 값을 다른 열 셀에 저장

Dim xRg As Range
Dim xChangeRg As Range
Dim xDependRg As Range
Dim xDic As New Dictionary
Private Sub Worksheet_Change(ByVal Target As Range)
    Dim I As Long
    Dim xCell As Range
    Dim xDCell As Range
    Dim xHeader As String
    Dim xCommText As String
    On Error Resume Next
    Application.ScreenUpdating = False
    Application.EnableEvents = False
    xHeader = "Previous value :"
    x = xDic.Keys
    For I = 0 To UBound(xDic.Keys)
        Set xCell = Range(xDic.Keys(I))
        Set xDCell = Cells(xCell.Row, 7)
        xDCell.Value = ""
        xDCell.Value = xDic.Items(I)
    Next
    Application.EnableEvents = True
    Application.ScreenUpdating = True
End Sub
Private Sub Worksheet_SelectionChange(ByVal Target As Range)
    Dim I, J As Long
    Dim xRgArea As Range
    On Error GoTo Label1
    If Target.Count > 1 Then Exit Sub
    Application.EnableEvents = False
    Set xDependRg = Target.Dependents
    If xDependRg Is Nothing Then GoTo Label1
    If Not xDependRg Is Nothing Then
        Set xDependRg = Intersect(xDependRg, Range("C:C"))
    End If
Label1:
    Set xRg = Intersect(Target, Range("C:C"))
    If (Not xRg Is Nothing) And (Not xDependRg Is Nothing) Then
        Set xChangeRg = Union(xRg, xDependRg)
    ElseIf (xRg Is Nothing) And (Not xDependRg Is Nothing) Then
        Set xChangeRg = xDependRg
    ElseIf (Not xRg Is Nothing) And (xDependRg Is Nothing) Then
        Set xChangeRg = xRg
    Else
        Application.EnableEvents = True
        Exit Sub
    End If
    xDic.RemoveAll
    For I = 1 To xChangeRg.Areas.Count
        Set xRgArea = xChangeRg.Areas(I)
        For J = 1 To xRgArea.Count
            xDic.Add xRgArea(J).Address, xRgArea(J).Formula
        Next
    Next
    Set xChangeRg = Nothing
    Set xRg = Nothing
    Set xDependRg = Nothing
    Application.EnableEvents = True
End Sub

코멘트에 이전 셀 값을 저장하려면 아래 VBA 코드를 적용하십시오

VBA 코드 : 주석에 이전 셀 값 저장

Dim xRg As Range
Dim xChangeRg As Range
Dim xDependRg As Range
Dim xDic As New Dictionary
Private Sub Worksheet_Change(ByVal Target As Range)
    Dim I As Long
    Dim xCell As Range
    Dim xHeader As String
    Dim xCommText As String
    On Error Resume Next
    Application.ScreenUpdating = False
    Application.EnableEvents = False
    xHeader = "Previous value :"
    For I = 0 To UBound(xDic.Keys)
        Set xCell = Range(xDic.Keys(I))
        If Not xCell.Comment Is Nothing Then xCell.Comment.Delete
        With xCell
            .AddComment
            .Comment.Visible = False
            .Comment.Text xHeader & vbCrLf & xDic.Items(I)
        End With
    Next
    Application.EnableEvents = True
    Application.ScreenUpdating = True
End Sub
Private Sub Worksheet_SelectionChange(ByVal Target As Range)
    Dim I, J As Long
    Dim xRgArea As Range
    On Error GoTo Label1
    If Target.Count > 1 Then Exit Sub
    Application.EnableEvents = False
    Set xDependRg = Target.Dependents
    If xDependRg Is Nothing Then GoTo Label1
    If Not xDependRg Is Nothing Then
        Set xDependRg = Intersect(xDependRg, Range("C:C"))
    End If
Label1:
    Set xRg = Intersect(Target, Range("C:C"))
    If (Not xRg Is Nothing) And (Not xDependRg Is Nothing) Then
        Set xChangeRg = Union(xRg, xDependRg)
    ElseIf (xRg Is Nothing) And (Not xDependRg Is Nothing) Then
        Set xChangeRg = xDependRg
    ElseIf (Not xRg Is Nothing) And (xDependRg Is Nothing) Then
        Set xChangeRg = xRg
    Else
        Application.EnableEvents = True
        Exit Sub
    End If
    xDic.RemoveAll
    For I = 1 To xChangeRg.Areas.Count
        Set xRgArea = xChangeRg.Areas(I)
        For J = 1 To xRgArea.Count
            xDic.Add xRgArea(J).Address, xRgArea(J).Text
        Next
    Next
    Set xChangeRg = Nothing
    Set xRg = Nothing
    Set xDependRg = Nothing
    Application.EnableEvents = True
End Sub

주의 사항: 코드에서 숫자 7은 이전 셀을 저장할 G 열을 나타내고 C : C는 이전 셀 값을 저장할 열입니다. 필요에 따라 변경하십시오.

3. 클릭 도구 > 참조 를 열려면 심판 – VBAProject 대화 상자에서 Microsoft 스크립팅 런타임 상자를 클릭하고 마지막으로 OK 단추. 스크린 샷보기 :

4. 누르세요 다른 + Q 닫는 키 응용 프로그램 용 Microsoft Visual Basic 창.

이제부터 C 열의 셀 값이 업데이트되면 해당 셀의 이전 값이 G 열의 해당 셀에 저장되거나 아래 스크린 샷과 같이 주석으로 저장됩니다.

다른 셀에 이전 셀 값 저장:

주석에 이전 셀 값 저장:

최고의 사무 생산성 도구

인기 기능: 중복 항목 찾기, 강조 표시 또는 식별   |  빈 행 삭제   |  데이터 손실 없이 열이나 셀 결합   |   수식없이 반올림 ...
슈퍼 조회: 다중 기준 VLookup    다중 값 VLookup  |   여러 시트에 걸친 VLookup   |   퍼지 조회 ....
고급 드롭다운 목록: 드롭다운 목록을 빠르게 생성   |  종속 드롭다운 목록   |  다중 선택 드롭 다운 목록 ....
열 관리자: 특정 개수의 열 추가  |  열 이동  |  Toggle 숨겨진 열의 가시성 상태  |  범위 및 열 비교 ...
특색 지어진 특징: 그리드 포커스   |  디자인보기   |   큰 수식 바    통합 문서 및 시트 관리자   |  리소스 라이브러리 (자동 텍스트)   |  날짜 선택기   |  워크 시트 결합   |  셀 암호화/해독    목록으로 이메일 보내기   |  슈퍼 필터   |   특수 필터 (굵게/기울임꼴/취소선 필터링...) ...
상위 15개 도구 세트12 본문 도구 (텍스트 추가, 문자 제거,...)   |   50+ 거래차트 유형 (Gantt 차트,...)   |   40+ 실용 방식 (생일을 기준으로 나이 계산,...)   |   19 삽입 도구 (QR 코드 삽입, 경로에서 그림 삽입,...)   |   12 매출 상승 도구 (숫자를 단어로, 환율,...)   |   7 병합 및 분할 도구 (고급 결합 행, 셀 분할,...)   |   ... 그리고 더

Excel용 Kutools로 Excel 기술을 강화하고 이전과는 전혀 다른 효율성을 경험해 보세요. Excel용 Kutools는 생산성을 높이고 시간을 절약하기 위해 300개 이상의 고급 기능을 제공합니다.  가장 필요한 기능을 얻으려면 여기를 클릭하십시오...

kte 탭 201905


Office Tab은 Office에 탭 인터페이스를 제공하여 작업을 훨씬 쉽게 만듭니다.

  • Word, Excel, PowerPoint에서 탭 편집 및 읽기 사용, Publisher, Access, Visio 및 Project.
  • 새 창이 아닌 동일한 창의 새 탭에서 여러 문서를 열고 만듭니다.
  • 생산성을 50% 높이고 매일 수백 번의 마우스 클릭을 줄입니다!
Comments (23)
No ratings yet. Be the first to rate!
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi, I'm a newbie of VBA👋

I have a question here 🧐
I pasted the VBA code: Save previous cell value in the comment I my excel but
What if my previous cell is blank then do nothing (No comment) for that particular BLANK cell?
How do I modify the VBA code?
Any expert to provide any solution of this, many thanks👋
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi!

Thank you for the function, i would like to know what i have to change to keep all the change.

For exemple if i change two time the value i want te save both last values.

Thank you in advance for the help!
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi,
The following VBA code accomplishes this: Track all changes in Column C and store the previous values in successive columns starting from Column G. If Column G is not where you want to start storing these values, adjust the xColumn = 7 line in the code (7 represents Column G, 8 for Column H, and so on).
Hope I can help.

Dim xRg As Range
Dim xChangeRg As Range
Dim xDependRg As Range
Dim xDic As New Dictionary

Private Sub Worksheet_Change(ByVal Target As Range)
'Updated by extendoffice 20240112
    Dim xCell As Range
    Dim xPrevCell As Range
    Dim xColumn As Long
    On Error Resume Next
    Application.ScreenUpdating = False
    Application.EnableEvents = False

    For Each xCell In Target
        If Not xDic.Exists(xCell.Address) Then GoTo NextCell
        If Intersect(xCell, Me.Range("C:C")) Is Nothing Then GoTo NextCell

        ' Find next available column starting from G
        xColumn = 7
        While Me.Cells(xCell.Row, xColumn).Value <> ""
            xColumn = xColumn + 1
        Wend

        ' Save previous value to the next available column
        Set xPrevCell = Me.Cells(xCell.Row, xColumn)
        xPrevCell.Value = xDic(xCell.Address)

NextCell:
    Next xCell

    ' Clear the dictionary and re-enable events
    xDic.RemoveAll
    Application.EnableEvents = True
    Application.ScreenUpdating = True
    On Error GoTo 0
End Sub

Private Sub Worksheet_SelectionChange(ByVal Target As Range)
    Dim cell As Range
    On Error Resume Next
    Application.EnableEvents = False

    ' Reset dictionary and store current values for cells in column C
    xDic.RemoveAll
    For Each cell In Intersect(Target, Me.Range("C:C"))
        If Not cell Is Nothing Then
            xDic.Add cell.Address, cell.Value
        End If
    Next cell

    Application.EnableEvents = True
    On Error GoTo 0
End Sub
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Can any body help in this problem
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
saving the previous data when entering manually but not working when data is refreshing from a web site, it is doing nothing
please help
thanks
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi Kamal.
This problem is a bit complicated. After trying various methods, I can't deal with it. I am sorry for that.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
only working when entering data manually
but not working when data is refreshing from a website
please help
thanks
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
cho e hỏi chút là có cách nào để khi tính toán cộng trừ xong thì nó sẽ lưu lại giá trị khi tính toán xong không ạ
ví dụ:
Giá trị ở cột A = cột B + cột C
Khi tính toán xong cột A sẽ lưu giá trị sau khi đã tính toán xong, lần tiếp theo tính toán thì nó cột A sẽ lấy giá trị hiện tại để tính toán tiếp chứ không lấy giá trị ban đầu ạ
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi trung,
The code has been updated. Please give it a try. Thanks for your feedback.
In the following code, the number 5 in this line Set xDCell = Cells(xCell.Row, 5) represents the column E where you will place the previous value. A:A refers to the cells in column A. You need to save the previous values of these cells.

Dim xRg As Range
'Updated by Extendoffice 20220803
Dim xChangeRg As Range
Dim xDependRg As Range
Dim xDic As New Dictionary
Private Sub Worksheet_Change(ByVal Target As Range)
    Dim I As Long
    Dim xCell As Range
    Dim xDCell As Range
    Dim xHeader As String
    Dim xCommText As String
    Dim X
    On Error Resume Next
    Application.ScreenUpdating = False
    Application.EnableEvents = False
    xHeader = "Previous value :"
    X = xDic.Keys
    For I = 0 To UBound(xDic.Keys)
        Set xCell = Range(xDic.Keys(I))
        Set xDCell = Cells(xCell.Row, 5)
        
        xDCell.NumberFormatLocal = xCell.NumberFormatLocal
        xDCell.Value = xDic.Items(I)
        
    Next
    Application.EnableEvents = True
    Application.ScreenUpdating = True
End Sub
Private Sub Worksheet_SelectionChange(ByVal Target As Range)
    Dim I, J As Long
    Dim xRgArea As Range
    On Error GoTo Label1
    If Target.Count > 1 Then Exit Sub
    Application.EnableEvents = False
    Set xDependRg = Target.Dependents
    If xDependRg Is Nothing Then GoTo Label1
    If Not xDependRg Is Nothing Then
        Set xDependRg = Intersect(xDependRg, Range("A:A"))
    End If
Label1:
    Set xRg = Intersect(Target, Range("A:A"))
    If (Not xRg Is Nothing) And (Not xDependRg Is Nothing) Then
        Set xChangeRg = Union(xRg, xDependRg)
    ElseIf (xRg Is Nothing) And (Not xDependRg Is Nothing) Then
        Set xChangeRg = xDependRg
    ElseIf (Not xRg Is Nothing) And (xDependRg Is Nothing) Then
        Set xChangeRg = xRg
    Else
        Application.EnableEvents = True
        Exit Sub
    End If
    xDic.RemoveAll
    For I = 1 To xChangeRg.Areas.Count
        Set xRgArea = xChangeRg.Areas(I)
        For J = 1 To xRgArea.Count
            xDic.Add xRgArea(J).Address, xRgArea(J).Text ' xRgArea(J).Formula
        Next
    Next
    Set xChangeRg = Nothing
    Set xRg = Nothing
    Set xDependRg = Nothing
    Application.EnableEvents = True
End Sub
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
It is good if you type in.Can you help me to work it in when data is entered by using the value of function from DDE(Dynamic Data Exchange) as well?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi,
Sorry I can't solve this problem. I suggest you post the problem to the forum below to get help from other Excel enthusiasts.
https://www.extendoffice.com/forum/kutools-for-excel.html
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Is there a way to repeat this for all changes? I would like the Comments Box to show all of the previous entries if possible.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi Jennie! Did you manage to solve this issue? I am also trying to collect in a comments box all the new entries, but I am having difficulties to adapt the VBA code to this. Thank you!
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
If the cell I want to save is a formula, the G cell will only save the formula, and calculate the value. I need to save the value - not the formula. How can I tell the VBA code, that the value changes although the formula is not changed. Best regards Flemming
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
This is for one cell value ,but how do for multiple cell value ,i want 4 cell data store and update like this for example C,D,E,F cell data into G,H,I,J cell respectively ,how can do please help
There are no comments posted here yet
Load More
Please leave your comments in English
Posting as Guest
×
Rate this post:
0   Characters
Suggested Locations